One of the challenges to understanding the Mahabharata is the identification of its principal theological frame of reference: does it have a single mythology? Is it a Vaishnava text? Krishna is among the most important characters of the epic and in many respects is its central deity. However, other structuring theologies of the text point back to a Vedic and Indo-European past, while yet others point forward to mythic structures characteristic of later Puranas. This lecture explores the place of Krishna in the Mahabharata and particularly the relationship of Vaishnava to other theologies of the epic.