#1 Was Patanjali the founding father of yoga?
No. He drew on, and systematised material that was already there in the tradition.
Maybe. It’s too difficult to draw any conclusions.
Yes. He created the practice from his own experience.
No. The people of the Indus Valley Civilisation were the founding fathers.
#2 How many chapters are in the yoga sutra?
#3 What is the Yoga Sutra of Patanjali mainly about?
#4 What does verse 1.2 of the Yoga Sutra ‘yogas cittra vritti nirodha’ mean?
Yoga is the movement of the still mind.
Yoga is still the movement of the mind.
Yoga is the stilling of the movements of the mind.
The mind is the stilling of yoga.
#5 According to Patanjali, what are the two essential prerequisites to yoga practice?
Agility and fitness.
Japa and puja – recitation of sacred sound and worship of the deity.
A deerskin and a waterpot.
Abhyasa and Vairagya – regular practice and withdrawal from the world.
#6 Which of the following is NOT one of the five kleshas (afflictions) listed in the second chapter of the Yoga Sutra?
Avidya – ignorance
Abhiniveshah – fear of death
Raga – hankering
Dvesha – aversion
Lobha – greed
Asmita – egotism
#7 Which of the following is NOT one of the three pramanas or valid means of attaining knowledge ?
Pratyaksa – perception
Dhyana – concentration
Shabda – verbal from a trustworthy person
Anumana – inference
#8 What is the correct sequence of the eight limbs of yoga?
yama – niyama – asana – pranayama –pratyahara – dharana – dhyana – samadhi
niyama – yama – pranayama – pratyahara – dharana – dhyana – samadhi
asana – yama – niyama – pranayama – pratyahara – dharana – dhyana – samadhi
yama – niyama – asana – pranayama – pratyahara – dhyana – dharana – samadhi
#9 What are the five yamas or principles of restraint?
Seeing no evil, hearing no evil, speaking no evil, feeling no evil, smelling no evil.
Purity, contentment, austerity, recitation of the Veda, worship of the Lord.
Not harming, truthfulness, not stealing, celibacy, non-possessiveness.
Not working, not socialising, not exercising, not talking, not eating fruit.
#10 Which of the below is NOT included in the usual list of eight siddhis or mystical perfections of advanced yogi practitioners?
The ability to become light and float through the air.
The ability to become heavy and immovable.
The ability to bring others under one’s control.
The ability to become minutely small.
The ability to perceive the self in its true spiritual identity.
The ability to achieve mastery over the world.
The ability to become large in size.
The ability to acquire things from distant places.
#11 What does kaivalya mean?
#12 What are samskaras in the Yoga Sutra?
Mystical powers acquired with advanced yoga practice.
Latent impressions left on the mind as a result of experience or action performed.
A sequence of advanced yoga exercises.
Endless cycles of birth, death, and rebirth.
A type of Indian sweet.
#13 What is viveka-jnana?
The discriminative insight that grants knowledge of the true self.
The metaphorical noose that binds the self to false identity.
Most excellent one, an epithet for brahman.
Special, or unique quality.
Another term for samskara.
#14 At what point in the practice of yoga do the results of karma or action cease?
#15 Which of the following is NOT experienced in the state of kaivalya?
Samskaras are eroded.
Absolute oneness with brahman is achieved.
The movement of the gunas ceases.
Inward perception of the purusha is achieved.
The mind is stilled.
Material desires cease.