#1 Was Patanjali the founding father of yoga?
No. The people of the Indus Valley Civilisation were the founding fathers.
Maybe. It’s too difficult to draw any conclusions.
No. He drew on, and systematised material that was already there in the tradition.
Yes. He created the practice from his own experience.
#2 How many chapters are in the yoga sutra?
#3 What is the Yoga Sutra of Patanjali mainly about?
#4 What does verse 1.2 of the Yoga Sutra ‘yogas cittra vritti nirodha’ mean?
Yoga is the stilling of the movements of the mind.
Yoga is the movement of the still mind.
Yoga is still the movement of the mind.
The mind is the stilling of yoga.
#5 According to Patanjali, what are the two essential prerequisites to yoga practice?
Agility and fitness.
Abhyasa and Vairagya – regular practice and withdrawal from the world.
A deerskin and a waterpot.
Japa and puja – recitation of sacred sound and worship of the deity.
#6 Which of the following is NOT one of the five kleshas (afflictions) listed in the second chapter of the Yoga Sutra?
Raga – hankering
Abhiniveshah – fear of death
Avidya – ignorance
Dvesha – aversion
Lobha – greed
Asmita – egotism
#7 Which of the following is NOT one of the three pramanas or valid means of attaining knowledge ?
Anumana – inference
Pratyaksa – perception
Shabda – verbal from a trustworthy person
Dhyana – concentration
#8 What is the correct sequence of the eight limbs of yoga?
yama – niyama – asana – pranayama –pratyahara – dharana – dhyana – samadhi
asana – yama – niyama – pranayama – pratyahara – dharana – dhyana – samadhi
niyama – yama – pranayama – pratyahara – dharana – dhyana – samadhi
yama – niyama – asana – pranayama – pratyahara – dhyana – dharana – samadhi
#9 What are the five yamas or principles of restraint?
Purity, contentment, austerity, recitation of the Veda, worship of the Lord.
Not working, not socialising, not exercising, not talking, not eating fruit.
Not harming, truthfulness, not stealing, celibacy, non-possessiveness.
Seeing no evil, hearing no evil, speaking no evil, feeling no evil, smelling no evil.
#10 Which of the below is NOT included in the usual list of eight siddhis or mystical perfections of advanced yogi practitioners?
The ability to become light and float through the air.
The ability to become minutely small.
The ability to become heavy and immovable.
The ability to achieve mastery over the world.
The ability to perceive the self in its true spiritual identity.
The ability to acquire things from distant places.
The ability to become large in size.
The ability to bring others under one’s control.
#11 What does kaivalya mean?
#12 What are samskaras in the Yoga Sutra?
Endless cycles of birth, death, and rebirth.
A sequence of advanced yoga exercises.
Mystical powers acquired with advanced yoga practice.
A type of Indian sweet.
Latent impressions left on the mind as a result of experience or action performed.
#13 What is viveka-jnana?
Another term for samskara.
Most excellent one, an epithet for brahman.
The discriminative insight that grants knowledge of the true self.
Special, or unique quality.
The metaphorical noose that binds the self to false identity.
#14 At what point in the practice of yoga do the results of karma or action cease?
#15 Which of the following is NOT experienced in the state of kaivalya?
Material desires cease.
The movement of the gunas ceases.
Samskaras are eroded.
Absolute oneness with brahman is achieved.
Inward perception of the purusha is achieved.
The mind is stilled.